Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for Over 30 Years

General Library

 

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serum

The fluid that is left after whole blood is allowed to clot; also defined as plasma that lacks fibrinogen or any other clotting factors.

Related Words

blood  ;  plasma

sharp wave

EEG pattern consisting of a transient electrical discharge with a pointed peak and a duration of 70-200 milliseconds that stands out from ongoing background activity; has a strong association with epilepsy.

Related Words

electroencephalography (EEG)  ;  epilepsy

shock

Condition where the tissues in the body do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients to allow the cells to function due to an acute derangement of circulatory control or loss of circulating fluid.  This can ultimately lead to cellular death and progress to organ failure, whole body failure and then death.

Related Words

acute

sign

An indication of the existence of a disease that is perceptible to an examining veterinarian; it is objective evidence, as opposed to the subjective sensations (symptoms) of the patient.

Related Words

disease  ;  symptom

simple partial seizure

A partial seizure that is primarily due to abnormal motor discharges and may appear as head/body turning, facial/muscle twitches, limb flexion or episodic tremors.

Related Words
partial seizure  ;  seizure  ;  tremor

small dog encephalitis

Immune-mediated disease causing severe inflammation of the brain; believed to be breed specific:  common to Yorkshire Terriers, Maltese, and Chihuahuas.

Related Words

brain ; disease ; encephalitis ; immune-mediated disease ; inflammation


somatic nervous system

Division of the peripheral nervous system which carries messages to the muscles that move the skeleton either voluntary or by reflex; both the somatic and autonomic nervous systems utilize motor neurons.

Related Words

autonomic system ; motor neuron ; nervous system ; peripheral nervous system (PNS) ; reflex


spike

EEG pattern consisting of a transient electrical discharge with a pointed peak and a duration of less than 70 milliseconds that stands out from ongoing background activity; has a strong association with epilepsy.

Related Words
electroencephalography (EEG)  ;  epilepsy

spike-and-wave complex

Generalized synchronous pattern seen on EEG, consisting of a sharply contoured fast wave followed by a slow wave; seen in generalized epilepsy which is characterized by tonic-clonic seizures.

Related Words

electroencephalography (EEG) ; epilepsy ; tonic-clonic seizure


spina bifida

A developmental anomaly characterized by defective closure of the vertebral arch; the spinal cord and/or meninges may or may not protrude through the defect.

Related Words
meninges  ;  spinal cord  ;  vertebra


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