Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 30 years
Phoenix, AZ 602-437-1488
Phoenix, AZ 602-437-1488
Inflammation of the vertebra, without concurrent disk infection, usually caused by either a bacteria or fungus.
bacteria ; disk ; fungus ; infection ; inflammation ; vertebra
The portions of the inner ear (vestibule and three semicircular canals) that work, as part of the vestibular system, with the brain to maintain the body’s orientation in space, balance, and posture.
A general term referring to any abnormality of the vestibular system; a problem in the inner ear, vestibulocochlear nerve, or the brain can affect the vestibular system.
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brain ; inner ear ; vestibular system ; vestibulocochlear nerve
The vestibular system senses the position of the head and body in space, in relation to gravity and movement. Maintains balance and coordinates eye movements with movement of the head. The receptors for the vestibular system are located in the inner ear, adjacent to the hearing receptors. Vestibular information is transmitted from the innear ear via the vestibulocochlear nerve to the lower portion of the brain where it is processed by the brainstem and cerebellum.
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brain ; brainstem ; inner ear ; vestibulocochlear nerve
Cranial nerve VIII; responsible for transmitting sound and equilibrium (balance) information from the inner ear to the brain.
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A virus is a minute infectious agent (about 100 times smaller than bacteria) that cannot be seen under a light microscope. They lack independent metabolism, are only able to replicate within the host cell, carry either DNA or RNA as their genetic material, and are protected by a protein coat. The body's immune system is usually able to eliminate harmful viruses and vaccines provide immunity to a particular viral infection. Antibiotics have no effect on viruses but antiviral medications suppress replication.
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An inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect or deficiency of a blood clotting protein, called von Willebrand factor.
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