Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for Over 30 Years
The layer of epithelial cells that lines internal body structures such as the heart cavities, blood and lymph vessels, and some glands.
An increased ability to see certain tissues after the injection of contrast material in the blood stream during imaging procedures, e.g. X-ray, CT or MRI.
computed tomography (CT) ; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ; x-ray
Posterior displacement of the eyeball into the bony orbit.
Chronic brain disorder of various etiologies (i.e. causes or origins of the disease) characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures.
A hormone synthesized in the adrenal medulla and released into the bloodstream during fight-or-flight response: stimulates muscle contraction of arteries and capillaries, increases blood pressure, stimulates the heart muscle, accelerates the heart rate, and increases cardiac output; also called adrenaline.
See pineal gland.
The covering of internal and external surfaces of the body including the lining of vessels and other small cavities. One of the 4 primary tissues (connective, muscular, and nerve) of the body and grouped into 3 types (squamous, cuboidal and columnar).
Procedures which record the brain’s activity in response to the stimulation of specific sensory pathways (e.g. auditory, visual, general sensory).
brain ; brainstem auditory-evoked response test (BAER) ; sensory nerve
Cranial nerve VII; controls most facial movements, secretion of tears and saliva, and involved in the sensation of taste.
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Spontaneous firing of an axon resulting in a visible twitch of all the muscle fibers it contacts; indicative of denervation.
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