Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 30 years

     Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 30 years

General Library


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Profuse loss of blood from a ruptured blood vessel; bleeding.

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hepatic microvascular dysplasia

Condition caused by the undervelopment or absense of the microscopic vessels within the liver; leads to liver atrophy and the inability to process toxins or make necessary proteins; also called portal atresia.

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atrophy  ;  liver  ;  toxin


A metabolic disorder affecting the brain that develops as a result of liver disease.


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brain  ;  disease  ;  liver


The protrusion of an organ or other structure through the outer covering of a membrane, muscle, or bone; for example, the protrusion of the center (nucleus pulposus) through the outer covering (annulus fibrosus) of an intervertebral disk; see intervertebral disk disease.

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annulus fibrosus ; intervertebral disk ; intervertebral disk disease ; nucleus pulposus


Lower portion of the brain consisting of the pons, cerebellum and medulla oblongata.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

brain ; cerebellum ; medulla oblongata ; pons


Part of the cerebral cortex that forms part of the floor of the lateral ventricle; identified by its white surface and convoluted appearance on section; involved in learning and memory; part of the limbic system.

►click here to learn more(levels 4-8)-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine

Related Words

cerebral cortex  ;  limbic system  ;  ventricles


A disease caused by a type of fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum.

Related Words
disease  ;  fungus

Horner's syndrome

Ptosis, miosis, enophthalmos and protrusion of the third eyelid that is ipsilateral to damaged sympathetic nerve fibers.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: www.veterinarypartner.com 

Related Words

enophthalmos ; ipsilateral ; miosis ; nerve ; ptosis ; sympathetic division


Literally means "water on the brain"; increase in the size of ventricles and amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brainThere are numerous causes, including congenital birth defect, brain tumor, and brain injury.

  • Communicating hydrocephalus is caused by a lack of CSF absorption.
  • Non-communicating hydrocephalus is caused by a blockage of CSF flow.
  • Hydrocephalus ex vacuo is caused by an apparent increase in ventricular size due to loss of ancilliary brain tissue.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: www.petplace.com

Related Words

 brain ; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ; congenital ; tumor ; ventricles


Condition marked by dilation of the central canal of the spinal cord often occurring in conjunction with syringomyelia.

Related Words

  central canal  ;  spinal cord


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