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The lipid substance coating the axons of certain neurons; formed by neuroglial cells: oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells; enables action potentials to travel faster while using less energy.


Related Words

action potential ; axon ; neuralgia ; neuron ; oligodendrocytes ; Schwann cell


Inflammation of the spinal cord.

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inflammation  ;  spinal cord


Diagnostic procedure in which contrast material is injected into the spinal subarachnoid space allowing visualization of the spinal cord and nerve roots.  

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Any disease affecting the spinal cord.

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disease  ;  spinal cord


A brief, involuntary twitching (contracting) of a muscle or group of muscles.


myoneural junction

See neuromuscular junction.



Non-specific term for any disease affecting muscle (usually skeletal muscle) which causes muscles to become weak or wasted.

Related Words

disease  ;  weakness


Inflammation of a muscle, especially a voluntary muscle (i.e. skeletal muscle), characterized by pain, weakness and sometimes spasm in the affected area.

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inflammation  ;  weakness


Decreased ability to relax muscles after contraction which can be a specific form of myopathy.

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