Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 35 years

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Inflammation of an artery.


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Inflammation of the joints.  See degenerative joint disease.

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degenerative joint disease  ;  inflammation


Persistent flexion of joint(s).



Disease caused by any one of the fungal species of the genus Aspergillus and marked by inflammatory granulomatous lesions in the skin, ear, orbit, nasal sinuses, lungs, and sometimes in the bone and nervous tissue.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: www.merckvetmanual.com

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disease ; fungus ; granuloma ; inflammation ; nervous system

aspiration pneumonia

Difficulty breathing or impaired ventilation due to aspiration (the sucking in of food particles or fluids into the lungs); may or may not be associated with infection (secondary).

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A star-shaped neuroglial cell that plays an important role in neuronal homeostasis and function.

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neuroglia  ;  neuron


Lack of coordination;  usually due to disease of the cerebellum, sensory pathways or vestibular apparatus.

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cerebellum  ;  vestibular apparatus



Pertaining to the atlas and the axis:  the first and second cervical vertebrae, respectively.


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atlas  ;  axis  ;  cervical ;  vertebra

atlantoaxial subluxation

Partial dislocation caused by instability of the first cervical vertebra (the atlas) and second cervical vertebra (the axis). The lack of stability causes compression of the spinal cord that results in pain and/or paralysis. This condition can be caused by trauma in any dog, but is more often seen as either a congenital or developmental malformation in small breeds.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

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atlantoaxial ; atlas ; axis ; cervical ; congenital ; paralysis ; spinal cord ; subluxation ; trauma ; vertebra



The first cervical vertebra between the occipital bone and the axis. Along with the axis it forms the joint connecting the skull and the spine.

►click here to learn more(see figure 62.1-B)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, College of Veterinary Medicine 
►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

axis ; cervical ; occipital bone ; spine ; vertebra

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