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peripheral nervous system (PNS)

Nerve cell body, spinal nerve root, nerve plexus, peripheral nerve, neuromuscular junction, and muscle; the PNS and CNS make up the nervous system.

►Click here to see an outline of the PNS in the Neurology Overview (Neuroanatomy).  

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cell body ; central nervous system (CNS) ; nerve ; nerve plexus ; nerve root ; nervous system ; neuromuscular junction

peripheral neuropathy

See neuropathy.

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The smooth membrane which lines part of the abdominal cavity and some of the internal organs it contains.


petit mal seizure

See absence seizure.

Related Words
absence seizure


A medicinal drug; chemical compound used as an aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease (or other abnormal condition) or for the relief of pain or suffering. Click here to view's list of pharmaceuticals.

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Small particle that carries electromagnetic radiation of all wavelengths; has zero mass.

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electromagnetic (EM) radiation


The innermost of the three membranes of the meninges covering the brain and spinal cord.

►click here to learn more-This link is provided by:  University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words
brain  ;  meninges  ;  spinal cord

pineal gland

A small, endocrine gland attached by a stalk to the dorsal wall of the third ventricle of the cerebrum where the two thalamic bodies join; it produces melatonin which plays a role in circadian rhythm (i.e. the 24-hour cycle in the processes plants, animals, fungi, and cyanobacteria); it is  also called epiphysis cerebri.

►click here to learn more (press>brainstem)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

cerebrum ; dorsal ; fungus ; thalamus ; ventricles

pituitary gland

An endocrine gland located at the base of the brain, supplying numerous hormones that govern many vital processes including growth; also called hypophysis.

►click here to learn more (press>ventral view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

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The blood's liquid medium; composed of 92% water and 8% proteins (including clotting factors, e.g. fibrin) and trace amounts of other materials.

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