Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for Over 30 Years
Three half-circular, interconnected tubes in the inner ear that measure the body's orientation. This information is used by the vestibular system to maintain balance.
A nerve composed of sensory nerve fibers.
A nerve cell that conducts action potentials from sensory organs about changes in the external or internal environments toward the central nervous system; also called an afferent neuron.
action potential ; afferent ; central nervous system (CNS) ; nerve ; neuron
Neural nuclei that are located in the middle rostroventral part of the cerebrum, i.e. septal region. They communicate with a variety of forebrain and brainstem areas and play an important role in reward and reinforcement.
►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine
brainstem ; cerebrum ; forebrain ; rostral ; ventral
The fluid that is left after whole blood is allowed to clot; also defined as plasma that lacks fibrinogen or any other clotting factors.
EEG pattern consisting of a transient electrical discharge with a pointed peak and a duration of 70-200 milliseconds that stands out from ongoing background activity; has a strong association with epilepsy.
Condition where the tissues in the body do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients to allow the cells to function due to an acute derangement of circulatory control or loss of circulating fluid. This can ultimately lead to cellular death and progress to organ failure, whole body failure and then death.
An indication of the existence of a disease that is perceptible to an examining veterinarian; it is objective evidence, as opposed to the subjective sensations (symptoms) of the patient.
A partial seizure that is primarily due to abnormal motor discharges and may appear as head/body turning, facial/muscle twitches, limb flexion or episodic tremors.
Immune-mediated disease causing severe inflammation of the brain; believed to be breed specific: common to Yorkshire Terriers, Maltese, and Chihuahuas.
brain ; disease ; encephalitis ; immune-mediated disease ; inflammation
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