Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 30 years

     Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 30 years

General Library


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semicircular canals

Three half-circular, interconnected tubes in the inner ear that measure the body's orientation.  This information is used by the vestibular system to maintain balance.

Related Words
ear  ;  inner ear  ;  vestibular system

sensory nerve

A nerve composed of sensory nerve fibers.

Related Words

fiber  ;  neuron  ;  sensory neuron


sensory neuron

A nerve cell that conducts action potentials from sensory organs about changes in the external or internal environments toward the central nervous system; also called an afferent neuron

Related Words

action potential ; afferent ; central nervous system (CNS) ; nerve ; neuron

septal nuclei

Neural nuclei that are located in the middle rostroventral part of the cerebrum, i.e. septal region. They communicate with a variety of forebrain and brainstem areas and play an important role in reward and reinforcement. 

►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

brainstem ; cerebrum ; forebrain ; rostral ; ventral 


The fluid that is left after whole blood is allowed to clot; also defined as plasma that lacks fibrinogen or any other clotting factors.

Related Words

blood  ;  plasma

sharp wave

EEG pattern consisting of a transient electrical discharge with a pointed peak and a duration of 70-200 milliseconds that stands out from ongoing background activity; has a strong association with epilepsy.

Related Words

electroencephalography (EEG)  ;  epilepsy


Condition where the tissues in the body do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients to allow the cells to function due to an acute derangement of circulatory control or loss of circulating fluid.  This can ultimately lead to cellular death and progress to organ failure, whole body failure and then death.

Related Words



An indication of the existence of a disease that is perceptible to an examining veterinarian; it is objective evidence, as opposed to the subjective sensations (symptoms) of the patient.

Related Words

disease  ;  symptom

simple partial seizure

A partial seizure that is primarily due to abnormal motor discharges and may appear as head/body turning, facial/muscle twitches, limb flexion or episodic tremors.

Related Words
partial seizure  ;  seizure  ;  tremor

small dog encephalitis

Immune-mediated disease causing severe inflammation of the brain; believed to be breed specific:  common to Yorkshire Terriers, Maltese, and Chihuahuas.

Related Words

brain ; disease ; encephalitis ; immune-mediated disease ; inflammation

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