Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for Over 30 Years
The vestibular system senses the position of the head and body in space, in relation to gravity and movement. Maintains balance and coordinates eye movements with movement of the head. The receptors for the vestibular system are located in the inner ear, adjacent to the hearing receptors. Vestibular information is transmitted from the innear ear via the vestibulocochlear nerve to the lower portion of the brain where it is processed by the brainstem and cerebellum.
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brain ; brainstem ; inner ear ; vestibulocochlear nerve
Cranial nerve VIII; responsible for transmitting sound and equilibrium (balance) information from the inner ear to the brain.
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A virus is a minute infectious agent (about 100 times smaller than bacteria) that cannot be seen under a light microscope. They lack independent metabolism, are only able to replicate within the host cell, carry either DNA or RNA as their genetic material, and are protected by a protein coat. The body's immune system is usually able to eliminate harmful viruses and vaccines provide immunity to a particular viral infection. Antibiotics have no effect on viruses but antiviral medications suppress replication.
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An inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect or deficiency of a blood clotting protein, called von Willebrand factor.
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The decrease in strength of one or more muscles.
Disorder causing full body tremors due to inflammation of the cerebellum; common in small, young dogs such as Maltese and West Highland White Terrier. Also called idiopathic cerebellitis.
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cerebellum ; inflammation ; syndrome ; tremor
The nervous system tissue constituting the conducting portion of the brain and spinal cord and composed mostly of myelinated nerve fibers.
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brain ; fiber ; myelin ; nerve ; nervous system ; spinal cord
Blood that has not been modified except for the addition of an anticoagulant and normally used in transfusions.
Condition of the neck characterized by progressive compression of the spinal cord due to vertebral malformation, instability and/or hypertrophy which typically results in an uncoordinated rear gait; also called cervical spondylomyelopathy.
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gait ; myelopathy ; spinal cord ; vertebra
Form of electromagnetic radiation that has a higher energy and lower wavelength than visible light; they can be generated by accelerating electrons at a metal target creating photons (form of energry) that are able to penetrate most substances. X-rays are used in radiography to produce images of internal body structures on a photographic plate; tissues with higher density (e.g. bone) more readily absorb x-ray photons than tissues with lower density (e.g. soft tissue).
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