Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for Over 30 Years

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central nervous system (CNS)

The brain and spinal cord.  In vertebrates, the brain is protected by the skull and the spinal cord is protected by vertebrae and both are covered by meninges.

Related Words

brain ; meninges ; nervous system ; spinal cord ; vertebra


cephalic

Relating to the head.

  


cerebellar abiotrophy

A disease resulting in premature degeneration of the cells in the cerebellum and leading to balance and coordination problems; likely caused by a metabolic defect.

 Related Words

abiotrophy  ;  cerebellum  ;  metabolic

cerebellar hypoplasia

A congenital disorder where the cerebellum does not form or mature normally before birth, causing signs related to poor balance and incoordination.

 

Related Words
cerebellum  ;  hypoplasia  ;  sign

cerebellitis

Inflammation of the cerebellum.

 

Related Words
cerebellum  ;  inflammation

cerebellomedullary cistern

The opening in the subarachnoid space of the brain created by a separation of the arachnoid and pia mater. This large space is filled with cerebrospinal fluid and located between the cerebellum and medulla.  This is where the needle is inserted and cerebrospinal fluid withdrawn during a cervical spinal tap.

Related Words

arachnoid ; cerebellum ; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ; cervical ; medulla oblongata ; pia ; spinal tap ; subarachnoid space


cerebellum

Portion of the brain between the cerebrum and the brainstem concerned in the coordination of movement; receives input from the spinal cord and cerebral cortex that coordinates the many muscles active in any given movement and projects to postural and voluntary motor control systems and red nucleus.  It is divided into two hemispheres and has a cortex and is part of the metencephalon.  The word cerebellum ccomes from the Latin word meaning "little brain".

►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 
►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 
►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 
►click here to learn more (press>dorsal view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 
►click here to learn more (press>sagittal view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

brain ; brainstem ; cerebral cortex ; cerebrum ; metencephalon ; red nucleus ; spinal cord


cerebral aqueduct

Portion of the ventricular system that lies in the dorsal midbrain and connects the third and fourth ventricles;  also called mesencephalic or sylvian aqueduct.

►click here to learn more (press>sagittal view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

Related Words

dorsal ; midbrain ; ventricles ; ventricular system


cerebral cortex

The outer, highly convoluted layer of cerebrum which governs thought, memory, sensation, and voluntary movement.

►click here to learn more(see levels 1-11)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

 

Related Words
cerebrum

cerebral hemisphere

Symmetrical right and left halves of the cerebrum divided by the longitudinal fissure and falx cerebri.

 

Related Words
cerebrum  ;  longitudinal fissure


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