Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 35 years

General Library


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See spine.

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A microscopic single-celled organism lacking a nucleus or any membrane-bound organelles and classified in the kingdom Procaryotae.  Although most bacteria are rendered harmless by the body’s immune system or beneficial, some bacteria are infectious and can cause disease.

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disease  ;  infection

basal ganglia

A collection of masses of gray matter at the base of the cerebral hemispheres, subthalamus and midbrain which are responsible for much of the organization of the activity of somatic muscles; also called basal nuclei.

►click here to learn more (see levels 1-3)-link provided by: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine

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cerebral hemisphere ; gray matter ; midbrain ; somatic nervous system ; subthalamus


Not malignant; does not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body.


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The removal and examination, usually microscopic, of tissue from the living body, performed to establish precise diagnosis. 

Click here to learn about biopsies performed at the Veterinary Neurological Center.



A neoplasm composed of embryonic cells.


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Disease caused by the fungus, Blastomyces dermatididis. The disease usually results in respiratory infection but can infect other areas such as the eyes, skin, reproductive tract, bones, and central nervous system.

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Inability to see; can be due to opthalmologic or neurological disorders.  Cortical blindness is caused by damage to the visual area of the brain's occipital lobe.

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brain  ;  cortical  ;  occipital lobe


The fluid that flows through the circulatory system (i.e. heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins) delivering oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells. The main components of blood are plasma (liquid), erythrocytes (red blood cells), leukocytes (white blood cells) and thrombocytes (platelets). A laboratory test, called a complete blood count (CBC), determines the number and type of blood cells present and a blood chemistry panel determines the quantities of various other substances in the plasma

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chemistry panel ; complete blood count (CBC) ; plasma

blood glucose test

A common test in a chemistry panel which measures the amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood.  The test can check for diabetes or hypoglycemia.


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diabetes  ;  hypoglycemia

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